- 20% L-Ascorbic Acid: the most potent form of Vitamin C and proven free radical scavenger used at the maximum dosage skin can process daily.
- Niacinamide: Also known as Vitamin B3, helps to increase cell vitality and brighten skin.
- Panthenol: Also known as Vitamin B5, helps the skin to maintain proper moisture and supports healthy skin function.
- Tocopherol (Vitamin E): part stabilizer and part nourisher, Vitamin E works synergistically to enhance the effect of other actives while also replenishing lipids.
- Ferulic Acid: a plant-based antioxidant, ferulic acid neutralizes free radicals and enhances the antioxidant benefits of vitamins C and E.